Vata: All movements of our body and inside our body are carried out by Vata energy. These include movements of the muscles, movement of food through our digestive tract and movement of the blood through the blood vessels. The elements Ether and Air (Akasha and Vayu) make up Vata. The qualities of dryness, roughness, coldness, mobility, clarity and astrigent tastes make up Vata.
Pitta: Our digestion, bio transformation of the digested food and the factors responsible for our metabolism are carried out by Pitta energy. The seats of Pitta are in the digestive system, skin, eyes, brain, lymph, liver, spleen and blood. Presence of Pitta is evident through our body temperature. The elements Fire and Water (Agni and Jala) make up Pitta. The qualities of hotness, sharpness, lightness, liquidity, sourness, oiliness and fast spreading nature make up Pitta.
Kapha: All of the oily factors of our body refer to Kapha such as, fat tissue, lubricating fluids like Synovial fluid in Joints and the mucous secretions in the digestive system and respiratory system. The elements Water and Earth (Jala and Prithvi) make up Kapha. The qualities of heavyness, slow movement, oiliness, liquidity, thickness and densitymake up Kapha.